Carrots are a root vegetable that belongs to the family of Umbelliferae like celery, fennel, and parsley. It is a prevalent crop because of the great benefits it brings to our health.
The component that stands out most in carrots is the c carotene necessary for the formation of vitamin A. Carotenoids element also plays an essential role in maintaining vision, immune system, skin protection, and development of the bones.
Sowing time Carrot
Carrots can be sown throughout the year. It is the most recommended planting period which runs from the month of February to September.
Preparation of garden soil for planting carrots
Carrots like fertile, loose, and soft soil well, worked in-depth; they can retain moisture. Avoid planting in stony soils and causing deformations in the roots.
Like carrots planted
Carrots are multiplied by seeds, which are sown directly in the garden.
The carrot seeds are tiny, so it is advisable to mix them with sand before spreading them on the place of cultivation to make it easier to planting. After the area over which has spread with a thin layer of soil or substrate is covered.
After 10-15 days, the seeds begin to germinate and are made necessary thinnings, leaving a gap between plants of 10-15 cm.
They need frequent but short, flooding to ensure moisture without waterlogging. Dry periods cause hardening and cracking of the roots.
When planting carrots, choose a sunny garden area where the sun is present most of the day. Carrots do not like places in shade or semi-shade.
Insects and fungi
Carrot cultivation may be affected by insect pests such as carrot fly and plant fungi such as mildew. In any case, if this happens, applying insecticides and fungicides ecological to counter the plague.
Carrot is long cycle cultivation and not until 90 days when it can be collected. They can be harvested a few days before resulting in sweeter carrots but a smaller size. During the collection must be very careful to unearth the root-soil, not start the green part of the plant.
Crops compatible with carrots
- Radish, Radish