It is ideal for growing urban gardens at home for the following reasons:
- Lettuce cultivation does not require extreme care and not usually affected by diseases that attack vegetables.
- It is a short cycle crop in a short time and can be collected so that it can be combined with other plants longer for better use of the space table crop cycle.
- Through a combination of different varieties of lettuce that there can be a crop of lettuce continuously throughout the year.
- It is a crop that is well adapted to growing tables.
What you need to grow lettuce at home
A small space where direct sunlight
You can grow lettuce at home in a small courtyard garden, terrace, or balcony where sole to the sun. For cultivation accounts, salad with the advantage that it can be grown without too many daily hours of sunlight during the summer is even better to cultivate in a place in partial shade.
If, when growing lettuce at home does not have a place where you can grow them directly in the field, you will have to choose the option to grow lettuce in cultivation tables.
Cultivation tables that exist with different lengths, widths, and heights, are well suited to space you have available, allowing grow lettuce always in a comfortable position.
Best suited for growing lettuce at home is to use organic substrates, which must be lightweight to allow handling with ease and do not overload your terrace or balcony.
They must have excellent porosity, allowing good air circulation to the roots of the lettuce that can breathe and also have to retain water and nutrients. These three requirements are met composted organic substrates, such as vermicompost, also act as fertilizer to provide all the nutrients the plant needs.
Other substrates provide many nutrients, but having some of the above characteristics (lightness, aeration, water retention, and nutrient retention) is coir.
Therefore most convenient to grow lettuce is a mixture of substrates; one to provide the right conditions of structure (coconut fiber) and one to act as fertilizer providing nutrients (humus). The suitable proportion is 60% of coconut fiber and 40% humus.
In the cultivation table, the water runs more quickly than on the ground, which will force you to be more aware of your watering lettuce if you cultivate lettuce directly into a plot.
You can water manually, using a watering can and do the watering slowly to avoid cracking the substrate.
On the other hand, it will be of great help in installing an irrigation system drip on your table culture. This system will allow you to control the flow of water that you supply to the crop, contributing to growing water strictly needed, without wasting it and without causing excess water.
For the cultivation of lettuce requires little but persistent watering to keep always fresh substrate.
Once you are clear about the space, you will use, the containers that you are using, the substrate, and the form of irrigation, you have to get the seeds of lettuce that you are grown at home.
- Butterhead lettuce seeds (lettuce four seasons)
- Romaine Lettuce seeds (cos long blonde florets Tudela, Valladolid cos …)
- Batavia lettuce seeds (lettuce great summer, oak leaf lettuce …)
thinnings, to finish leaving a distance between 20-30 cm lettuce.
In case you opt for planting seedlings, the right time to do the transplant is when the plant has 4-5 real leaves.
Seedbeds advised sowing lettuce seeds.
Biodegradable seedbeds. This type of seedbeds are made of a biodegradable material that disappears with irrigation within the substrate, so the transplant is not necessary to remove the plant. However, the entire seedling is planted, with less stress originating transplantation for lettuce.
Peat pellets. They are very comfortable since it is not necessary to provide additional substrate, dip the tablet.
The steps to follow when making a hotbed are:
Find a place outdoors where there is a sun. However, then at night, if the lettuce is sown in autumn or winter is to protect the seedbed anywhere else safe from freezing temperatures.
I am placing the substrate. The same substrate as to fill the cultivation table is used.
Sowing. The depth to which lettuce seed is buried is two times its diameter.
Irrigation. In this culture initiation lettuce, it is susceptible to water shortage so that the substrate to be always wet. When the water has a spray used to avoid dragging the seeds in the substrate.
Thinning. If several seeds have germinated seedlings of lettuce to do thinning, leaving a seed plant, which seems stronger.
The harvest takes place between the two months. Two and a half months after planting varieties bud, you can also be a continuous harvest, cutting the necessary sheets in cut lettuce varieties like oak leaf lettuce.
Optimal growing partnerships with lettuce
At the time of growing lettuce at home, it is crucial to associate the crop with vegetables that associate well with salad as garlic, onions, cabbage, cucumber, leek, radish, tomato, carrot, eggplant, zucchini, spinach, pea, bean, bean, turnips, peppers, and beets.
Within these possible associations, it is also vital to choose crops longer than lettuce and onions, leeks, and tomatoes cycle.
Aphid. Millimeter insect that feeds on the sap of lettuce.
Aphid solution should suffer an attack of aphids. You can fight using soap potash and ProNeem.
Mildew. Mildew is caused by a fungus that appears as gray or black spots that end up drying the leaves.
Mildew solution if mildew appears on the crop. Quickly remove the affected leaves or whole plants if it affects all lettuce, used as preventive nettle extract (to strengthen the cellular structure of lettuce) used as curative (if lettuce this already affected) extract ponytail.
How to grow lettuce in urban gardens in an environmentally friendly way home
When growing lettuce at home makes more sense to perform the cultivation of organically to this way, you get a natural, crisp, and tasty lettuce.
Tips for growing lettuce in an environmentally friendly way
Cultivate your salads with aromatic plants and flowers that create biodiversity in your small garden. Do not forget to respect the sowing of lettuce varieties that are going to grow at home in this way always cultivate sturdy and pest resistant lettuce. Do not use any chemical agents such as insecticides and fungicides to combat the onset of diseases or pests, always used insecticides and fungicides ecological.
Practice partnership with vegetables that are right partners of lettuce to grow more vigorously and without competing for nutrients and water with other herbs. It is always used for planting organic seeds of lettuce and finally ever used for building organic substrates.