The avocado is a delicious fruit with high properties and benefits to health that can happily find almost all year on the market. This fruit, native to Mexico and Central America, has high-quality protein and is packed with antioxidants. It has essential fatty acids, also called Omega 3 and many other vitamins such as A, C, D, E, K, and the B complex, more minerals such as potassium, among others. There are about 80 varieties of avocado, although the most common is the Hass.
Next time you consume avocado, keep your heart or seed, and you have your tree at home in a secure way. Also, you can make your children become participants in the process and can plant your tree.
How to plant avocado?
Before you start planting avocado, the first thing you should do is keep your seed, which should not be damaged. Wash it thoroughly to withdraw the rest of the fruit and locates the top and bottom. The tip portion of the pit will be the top, that is, where the bud will grow, while the flat end is the bottom, where it will become root.
Pierces the pit with four sticks, uniformly distributed, as shown in the image. Place the seeds in a glass of water, and put this where insolated. It is good to use a clear container to display correctly when the roots begin to sprout.
Change the water twice a week to prevent mold, mildew, or diseases that may affect the avocado is formed. Avocado to shoot correctly, it will have to wait about two months, always depending on weather conditions and the variety of avocado you have chosen. The top of the seed will dry and break, and the outer layer is sloughed.
The root must always be contacted with water since if it is not submerged could die. Wait for your plant measuring about 15 cm and cut the stem to 7 cm to stimulate growth avocado.
When you get back to about 18 cm, it will be time to transplant the avocado. To do this, prepare a pot of 25 cm in diameter with prepared soil and compost, removes sticks, and put the plant in a container, leaving the upper half of the seeds exposed.
Place the pot with avocado on a sunny spot in your home to keep you protected. It is essential that the soil is kept moist always, but not saturated. If the leaves turn, yellow is excess water; drying the plant leaves for a couple of days.
Once the avocado has reached 25 cm high, pruning the first two pairs of leaves and repeats the process every time the plant grows 15 cm.
One of the main difficulties of avocado is aphids. To remove the pest, wash carefully leaves and stems until they disappear and then applied a solution of water, neem oil, and biodegradable soap. Remember to check your plant twice a week to prevent new pests from forming. Do not forget that avocado loves warm climates and, therefore, during the winter, have to keep it protected temperatures, above all, so descend below 7 ° C. I advise you bring your plants inside and autumn and winter.